Meredith McCoy: Absolutely. Which is what we typically think of as the prototypical form of slavery that is the kind that was practiced in the South and the Caribbean in the 18th and 19th centuries. So, Doctor Snyder and I began our conversation with a question about common misconceptions about Indigenous peoples and enslavement. Just what I mean by that is that it can be passed from a parent to a child. Ideas that had really propelled the Reconquest more based on an intolerance of non-Christian people, especially in this case, Jews and Muslims. Use these resources to help students contextualize the true history and contemporary issues of Native peoples. There were likely between five and 10 million people living in what’s now the U.S. They’re speaking 300 different languages. Teaching Tolerance Unsettling America Settler colonialism is a useful framework for making sense of the history of the United States and more specifically California, which experienced three distinct phases of colonization - Spanish, Mexican, and American. A Culturally Responsive Approach to Discussing Thanksgiving in The Classroom - Linday Barrett; Decolonizing Thanksgiving: A Toolkit for Combatting Racism in Schools - Lindsey Passenger Wieck; Teaching about Thanksgiving - LearnNC (UNC School … So we think, these numbers are very hard to pin down. This really I think applies to how teachers think about the Atlantic slave trade and also about mercantilism. Shortly after the arrival of Europeans, disease and violence took the lives of an enormous number of indigenous people. Teaching Tolerance provides free teaching materials that include over 100 texts, sample inquiries and a detailed K–12 framework for teaching the history of American slavery. Again, labor is only one part of what might happen with that captive’s life. Explore the Native American Influences in U.S. History and Culture Quiz, from Teaching Tolerance; Then, create a social media video that highlights the 3-5 most surprising things you learned. Before the 1970s, historians tended to depict slavery as something that happened exclusively in the antebellum South, focusing on African Americans. Part of the reason that we know what we know about these Indigenous captivity practices is that some of the very earliest Europeans who invaded North America were taken captive, and some of them endured these kinds of fates. "It's perfect because I get to teach my kids about Native American history throughout the school year!" So the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest. What this history forces us to do is reckon with the myriad experiences depending on location and time. Which you can think of as the border between Georgia and South Carolina. When it comes to Native American history and culture, many textbooks are light on relevant content. The second thing is that they really rigorously try to use the law to protect it. Meredith McCoy: If you liked what you heard today, please share it with your friends and colleagues and then let us know what you thought. A Playlist for the Movement – w/ Charles L. Hughes. She calls it the “shatter zone.”. That is when the last significant peace treaty is signed. In a lesson plan from Teaching Tolerance, for example, a text by writer and activist Jacqueline Keeler is used to tell the story of Thanksgiving. So as your students are building out these graphic organizers on the ground, they start to draw connections between their ideas and how they’re connecting to the other ideas or pressures that both lead up to the conflict and then that radiate out from it. Native Americans of New England: Key Concepts For Teaching Native American Histories Websites Those Christian kingdoms eventually become what we now think of as Spain. We always appreciate your feedback. In the West, the major colonizing power are the Spanish. One of the things that we know happened from very early historical interactions is that sometimes these war captives were gifted to other Indigenous leaders during diplomacy or to Europeans. Welcome aboard. I will say that something very interesting does happen around this time of the Yamasee War. Meredith McCoy: That has so many ripple effects out across Indian law. It starts people thinking about the lives of African Indigenous people on their own terms. Outside of Native American circles, the expedition is almost universally called the "Corps of Discovery." I think part of the importance of including Indigenous enslavement in how we teach the history of American slavery is that it does change so much about how we understand timeline and geography. So they engaged quite eagerly in this. Use these resources to help students contextualize the true history and contemporary issues of Native peoples. These kinds of moments and activities in our classrooms allow students to see war and conflict, not in a vacuum, but as a social phenomena that really changes the course of events. One thing that we do know is that labor is only one part of this equation. So part of this change is how European understandings of the commodification of human beings as laborers interface with Indigenous understandings of captives as part of a mechanism to repair a broken social fabric after warfare or after death. Talking with students about slavery can be emotional and complex. So they’re joined by Lower Creeks, Savannahs and Apalachees, and to a lesser extent by Upper Creeks, Choctaws and Cherokees. Teaching Tolerance puts the figure at 500 tribes totaling about 22 million people. The Iroquois have a term for this, which is “the mourning wars.” Mourning, not as in the time of day but as in mourning a relative for death. The first is by taking them directly. It’s also a very different approach than the sometimes coverage model of just focusing on people, places, events, dates, battles, and it allows students to see this conflict in its holistic environment over time. Hasan K. Jeffries: There were millions of Indigenous people living in North America when Europeans first arrived on the continent. One of the things that we really have to remember is that for most of the colonial period, and certainly west of the Mississippi, Indigenous peoples are still in control. As part of that, there are these germs of ideas about race that are articulated during the Reconquest and the Spanish referred to these as notions of “blood purity.” That is that Christians had this pure blood and Jews and Muslims did not. To continue, log into your Teaching Tolerance account. They want ways to protect their communities. These allies have varying roles in the war. We should be thinking about the starting point for slavery in the Americas, if you will, at a totally different moment in time. Lewis & Clark: A Native American View Grade 8 Lewis & Clark: A Native American View 6 Options/extensions • Have students read the article from Teaching Tolerance magazine (Olson, 2006) (a link is provided in the “Resources” section), and submit a reflection on the underrepresentation of the Native American voice in It’s really important that we as teachers think about ways to center Indigenous agency and to contextualize the choices that Indigenous peoples were making. 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